脱炭素エネルギー先導人材育成フェローシップ 2022年度
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wolle12Q-Energy Innovator Fellowship経済学府経済システム専攻博士後期課程2年カーボンニュートラル・エネルギー国際研究所 准教授Compact cities, characterized by high density and accessibility with fully developed inner-city public transport, are widely dis-cussed and practiced around the world in response to the chal-lenges of sustainable development and global warming. Many large metropolises are applying compact city strategies to counter urban sprawl. Urban sprawl has been correlated with increased energy use, pollution, and traffic congestion and a decline in community distinctiveness and cohesiveness. Compact urban development is thought to be a solution to this disordered situa-tion. Development boundaries are usually set in these cases, how-ever small cities such as Toyama in Japan or Anshan in China also adopt compact city strategies in response to an aging society and industrial restructuring issues. On this basis, we are committed to answering the question of how cities with varying urban growth rates adopt different policy practices, and whether these practices contribute to achieving the goal of building a sustainable, low-carbon city. The results illus-trate that public transportation is often strengthened in compact city policies and the density and spatial configuration of cities has a significant impact on urban carbon emissions. Moreover, there are significant differences within the impact mechanisms of compact cities on carbon emissions between small-medium-sized cities (dealing with aging populations and resource waste) and megacities (dealing with excessive urban sprawl). However, there is still insufficient quantitative evidence on the effectiveness of compact city policies and further research is required which focuses on the evaluation of compact city policy implementation performance and its relationship with carbon emissions, as well as the determination of the difference in approach required for the two identified compact city types.指導教員からメッセージAs nations continue to urbanize rapidly, the impact of cities on carbon emissions is becoming more and more important. Within the study of urban emissions, the investigation of efforts toward the establishment of compact cities is also becoming critical. This research in particular seeks to identify the linkages between compact city initiatives and carbon emissions, investigating city form, compactness and issues such as transportation design and resource supply chains. It is hoped that this research will lead to the identification of critical compact city factors which best reduce carbon emissions, and to the establishment of city design policies which perpetuate these positive impacts and contribute toward carbon neutrality goals.Presenting research results at the EcoBalance 2022アンドリュー・チャップマンThe solution against urban sprawl? More than that.The Impact of Compact Cities on Carbon EmissionsFan Tianhui07f

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